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“lianggewubi”:xibopojingshendehexinneihan

fabushijian:2021-05-31  dianji:

xibopo,zuoluoyutaixingshandonglu、hebeishengpingshanxianjingnei,shizhongguogemingshengliqiandezuihouyigenongcunzhihuisuo。1948nian5yue,lijingshanbeiyiniandejiankuzhuanzhanhou,maozedongyudangzhongyanghexianqidaodaxibopodeliushaoqi、zhude、zhouenlai、renbishizhengshihuihehou,juedingjianggaidizuoweizhonggongzhongyangzhudi。zhengshizaixibopo,zhongguogongchandangshuxielezhongguogemingzouxiangzuizhongshenglidezhuduohuihuangpianzhang:quanguotudihuiyizhaokaiyu《zhongguotudifadagang》banbu,cuikulaxiu、tuifanjiangjiawangchaodesandazhanyidaxiang,yijijuyoulishizhuanzheyiyideqijieerzhongquanhuizhaokai……zuoweizhongguogemingzhengtuzhongnongmozhongcaideyibi,xibopojianzhenglezhongguoconggemingzhanzhengxianghepingjianguodezhuanbian、congnongcunbaoweichengshixiangchengshilingdaonongcundezhuanbian、congxinminzhuzhuyigemingxiangshehuizhuyigemingdezhuanbian。xibopojingshen,zhengshizaiyishangjutierweidadegeminglishishijianzhongxingcheng、fazhanqilaide。

xibopojingshen,shangchenghongchuanjingshen、jinggangshanjingshen、changzhengjingshenyuyananjingshen,shizhongguogongchandangzaixinminzhuzhuyigemingjijiangqudeshenglizhijixingchengdeyouyizhongyaogemingjingshentixi。zhongguogongchandangzaixiboposhiqidejieduanxinggemingmubiaoyuqizuigaogeminglixiang,juedinglexibopojingshenshejiconggemingjiefangdaohepingjianshedewanzhengmoyan。jutieryan,xibopojingshenbaokuoganyudouzheng、ganyushenglidechedigemingjingshen;jianjueyikaoqunzhong、tuanjietongyideminzhuxieshangjingshen;shanyupohuaijiushijie、shanyujianshexinshijiedeliguoxingbangjingshen;yijiwubiqianxujinshen、bujiaobuzao,wubijiankufendoudegankaojingshendeng。qizhong,“lianggewubi”degankaojingshengengshixibopojingshendehexinneihan。

1949nianchu,jiebaojielianchuandaoxibopo,zhenjingzhongwaidesandazhanyiqudejuedingxingshengli。xiongguanmandaozhenrutie,jindaizhongguorenminlijingjienan,zaiweidazhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxia,jingguojiankuzhuojuedouzheng,zhongyuzaixibopoyinglaipoxiao,jijiangzouxiangguangming。danzaijijiangdaolaideshenglimianqian,zhonggongzhongyanglingdaorenyichangqingxing。1949nian3yue,zhonggongzhongyangzaixibopozhaokaiqijieerzhongquanhui。maozedongxiangquandangfachujinggao,duoququanguoshengli,zhezhishiwanlichangzhengzouwanlediyibu,yihoudeluchenggengchang,gongzuogengweida,gengjianku。tazhengzhongdigaojiequandang:“wubishitongzhimenjixudibaochiqianxu、jinshen、bujiao、buzaodezuofeng,wubishitongzhimenjixudibaochijiankufendoudezuofeng。”zhongguogongchandang“lianggewubi”detichu,jishijiyu“juebudanglizicheng”zheyilishijingyandeshenkelingwu,yishijiyuduizhongguogongchandangnengfoushunlizhizhengbingjianshehaoxinzhongguodeshenkeyousi,zhenzhengtixianlezhongguogongchandangyishiweijian、juansiwei、jieshoukaoyandeyouhuanyishiyuzhengzhidandang。“juebudanglizicheng,womendouxiwangkaogehaochengji”degankaojingshen,qishizhishiyouzhongguogongchandangdexingzhiyuzongzhijuedingde。zhongguogongchandangdewuchanjiejizhengdangxingzhiyijiquanxinquanyiweirenminfuwudegenbenzongzhi,juedingleqinenggoushizhongbaochiyurenminqunzhongdexueroulianxi,shizhongjianchirenminqunzhongdegenbenlichang,congershikejianlv、fayangqianxujinshen、bujiaobuzao、jiankufendoudeyouliangzuofeng。

2013nian7yue11ri,xijinpingzaixibopojinxingkaochashijiangdao:“meicilaixibopo,woxiangdezuiduodeshimaozedongtongzhidangniantichude‘lianggewubi’。zaizhongguogemingjijiangqudequanguoshenglizhiji,maozedongtongzhizaidangdeqijieerzhongquanhuishangxiangquandangzhengzhongtichu‘lianggewubi’,shijingguoleshenrusikaode。zhelimian,baohanzhuduiwoguojiqiannianlishishangzhiluanguilvdeshenkejiejian,baohanzhuduiwomendangjiankufendoulichengdeshenkezongjie,baohanzhuduishengliledezhengdangyongbaoxianjinxinghechunjiexing、duijijiangdanshengderenminzhengquanshixianchangzhijiuandeshenkeyousi,yebaohanzhuduiwomendangjianchiquanxinquanyiweirenminfuwugenbenzongzhideshenkerenshi。”

lishishizuihaodejiaokeshu,erzhongguogeminglishizeshizuihaodeyingyangji。zaidangxiaquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguodexinshidai,lizurenminqunzhongdegenbenlichang,jinjinyikaorenmin,baochiqianxujinshen、bujiaobuzao、jiankufendoudeyouliangzuofeng,jicheng、fayangyi“lianggewubi”weihexindexibopojingshen,duijiaqiangdangduishehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshedequanmianlingdaojuyoujiweizhongyaodexianshiyiyi。zhengruxijinpingzongshujizai2021nian2yuegeihebeishengpingshanxianxibopozhenbeizhuangcunquantidangyuandehuixinzhongsuozhichude:“zhongguogongchandangbainianshishiyibutuanjiedailingrenminweimeihaoshenghuogongtongfendoudelishi,xibopodeganbuqunzhongduicitihuigengshen。zaiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengchengshang,xiwangnimenjianjuexiangyingdangzhongyanghaozhao,chongfenfahuixianfengmofanzuoyong,baxiangqinmengenghaotuanjieqilai、ningjuqilai,xinwangyichuxiang,jingwangyichushi,rangriziguodeyuelaiyuehonghuo。”

(zuozhewangjinlong,ximakesizhuyixueyuanjiangshi,lishixueboshi。)