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fabushijian:2021-05-24  dianji:

kanle《yabowangyebanwangzhandenglugushi①》,duoweilaoyibeiyabowangyebanwangzhandenglurenjiankufendou、jiannanchuangyedeganrenshiji,shiwozhegejiangjinyou50nianyabowangyebanwangzhandengluxiaolingdehoulaizhehenshoujiaoyu,bingshenyoutonggan。wohetamendegongtongtihui,neijiushiyabowangyebanwangzhandenglunenggouzaijiannanquzhezhongyibubufazhan、zhuangda,hendachengdushangkaodeshiyabowangyebanwangzhandenglurendejiankufendou。jibianshizaigefangmiantiaojiandouyijingshifenyouyuedejintian,zhezhongjiankufendoudejingshenyiranshifenxuyao,erqieyongyuanyebunengdiuqi。

woshi1964niankaorushandonghaiyangxueyuan(xianweizhongguohaiyangdaxue)de,benyinggaizai1969nianbiyelixiao,danyouyu“wenhuadageming”,tuichidao1970nian7yuecailixiao,bingqieyoujingguoyinianduodejinanbuduikongjunnongchangdelaodongduanlian,zhidao1971nian12yuecaifenpeidaoshandongkuangyexueyuan。suoyi,wochengbushangshiyabowangyebanwangzhandenglulaoyidaidechuangyezhe,zhinengsuanzuojiarudaochuangyeduiwudehoulairen。suoyi,duiyufashengzai20shijiwuliushiniandai、xuexiaojianxiaochuqizuiweikunnandeshiduonianjiandeshibingweijingliguo。woxiang,jiucongwolaixuexiaobaodaoshuoqiba。

1971年12月下旬,我帶著報到證到兗州縣城南八里路遠的山東礦業學院地礦大隊報到,地址是涼水井。我們沿著崎嶇的田間小路向前走,拉著租來的裝著行李的地排車,心里很納悶,怎么大學里還有大隊,涼水井究竟是個啥地方?一路打聽,好不容易找到了學校,原來此時的山東礦業學院正值由濟南下遷到山東各個礦區分散辦學的時期,學校各個專業所在的系當時叫作專業大隊,如采煤專業叫采煤大隊,在肥城辦學;地質專業、礦井建設專業叫地礦大隊,與金屬礦的采礦、選礦專業所在的采選大隊同在兗州辦學;礦業機械專業、電氣自動化專業所在的機電大隊在泰安辦學。濟南老校址教學區已經被當時的山東省煤管局征用,留下的一小部分為學校的留守處。按照原來的發展規劃,當時萊蕪礦區教學樓建成以后,采選大隊要搬到那里辦學,這樣學校就辦成了橫跨大半個山東,以泰安為中心,東有萊蕪、西有肥城、南有兗州、北有濟南的五點布局。由于大部分教職工的家在濟南,所以造成了大家長期在這個區間的鐵路、公路上奔波,經常像打仗一樣催促轉移,缺儀器設備、教學用房、學生宿舍、教職工住房。這樣的辦學條件,困難之大,可想而知。我報到的地礦大隊就是在兗州礦區所屬涼水井村東面一片某地質大隊廢棄的臨時工棚(簡易平房)里辦學。這種分散辦學的局面一直持續到1974年夏天,才陸續將其他幾處分散辦學的專業集中到泰安。

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jidezaiyanzhoushi,zhudeshijianyipingfang,qiangtishibobodeyicengzhuan,fangdingshijiandandeyicengwa,dongtianshineihewaimianyiyangjiebing,xiatianzeredexiangzhenglong,zhongwutangzaichuangshang,fangdingshangbeitaiyangshaidezhuoredewabaliankaodehuolalade。bandaotaianyihou,xiangdangchangyiduanshijianjiaozhigongdeshenghuotiaojianyiranmeiyoudedaomingxiangaishan。wozuoweishuangzhigong,juzhuzai11pingfangmideyijianpingfangnei,shujiafangdaozhuozishang。laomuqinlaile,wozhinengdaizhuhaizidaojiaoyanshiquzhu。neishihou,meijiameihuyejiuyigeshaomeidexiaoluzi,xiatianfangzaibuzuliangpingfangmidesuoweichufangli,dongtianzefangzaiwoshili,qunuan、zuofanerheyi。shenghuoyongmeishixingdinglianggongying,xuyaojiaozhigongzijiyongdipaichequxuexiaodemeichangla。neishihouwosuanshinianqingjiaoshi,jigenianqingrenyiqidingqijieyiliangdipaiche,jiangquanjiaoyanshimeihushuangzhigongjiademeisongdaojiali。dangshidajiadeguanxidouhenmiqie,hubanghuzhudeqifenhenhao,shuijiayoushenmekunnan,dajiadouhuizhudongqubangmang。meishiyoule,dandianluzidemucaimeiyou,xuexiaoyebunengjiejue,jiaozhigongzhihaoziligengsheng,zijixiangbanfa。youdedaotaishanshangqujiansongqiu,youdequgeshanzao。houlaiyouleguanzhuangmeiqi,youyugongbuyingqiu,xuexiaoguiding,zhiyou1966nianyiqiancanjiagongzuodejiaozhigongcaiyouzigepaiduilunliulingqu,erwozhegegonglingcong1969niansuanqideqingnianjiaoshiziranyejiumeiyoufenerle。zhidao20shiji80niandaihouqitongguandaomeiqizhiqian,woyemeiyouhuodeyongmeiqiguandezige。qishizheyangdeshenghuotiaojianzaidangshishuiyemeiyougandaojianku,dajiadouxiyiweichang,meiyourenhebaoyuan。xiangfandaoshitongzhimenzhijianhuxiangbangzhu,rutongyigedajiating。rudongzhiqiangejiagehugoumai、chucundami、dacong、dabaicaidechangmianshifenganren,nianqingdebangzhunianlaode,nanzhigongbangzhunvzhigong,darenhaiziqishangzhen,weileshenghuobudebuxinqindimangliu。xianzaihuixiangqilai,huanzhenshiyoudianlezaiqizhongdeganjue。yinweidajiaduolaizinongcun,yishitiliangguojiazanshidekunnan;ershihezijilaojiadenongminxiangbi,yijinghenzhizule。

kefushenghuoshangdekunnan,kaodeshijiaozhigongjiankufendoudejingshen。dajiaxinlixiangdegengduodeshiruhegaohaojiaoxue、shiyanheshixi,ruhetigaorencaipeiyangzhiliang,ruheshibenxuekededaojiaokuaidefazhanhetigao。

jiuzaijiaozhigongshenghuotiaojianshifenjiankude20shiji70niandai,xuexiaodejiaoxuetiaojiantongyangyeshinanyixiangxiangdekunnan。congshizi、shiyanshebeidaojiaoxueyongfangdeng,junyuanyuanbunengmanzujiaoxuedexuyao。jiunawosuozaidedizhixuekelaishuo,chulejiweiweiqitazhuanyekaishemeikuangdizhikechengdelaoshiwai,jibenshangshibaishouqijia。dizhizhuanyebanqilaile,xueshengzhaojinlaile,shizibuzuzenmeban?xuexiaodangjiliduan,zhuajincongshandongshengdizhijuheqinghai、xinjiang、gansudengshengdedizhidui,diaoruyipizhuanyejichuzhashi、shijianjingyanfengfudelaodizhigongzuozhe,chongshidaojiaoshiduiwuzhonglai;ciwaiyoucongzhengzaijieshoushijianduanliande、“wenhuadageming”qianruxuededizhiyuanxiaozuihouliangjiebiyeshengzhong,xuanbayibufenxinshengliliang,woheqitajiweishandonghaiyangxueyuandizhixidetongxue,zhengshizaizhezhongqingkuangxiajinrushandongkuangyexueyuande。zhongsuozhouzhi,dizhizhuanyeshiyigeshijianxinghenqiangdezhuanye,duomenkechengdeshiyan、shixisuozhandebizhongdoubijiaoda。yinci,shiyan、shixitiaojianduijiaoxuezhiliangqizhuzhiguanzhongyaodezuoyong。ranerdangshideshiyanshiqueyiqi、shaobiaoben,meiyoujiaoxuemoxingheguatu。zenmeban?zijidongshou,ziligengsheng。quantijiaoshianzhaojiaoyanshidejiaoxuefengong,meiyouguatuzijihua,huozherangyouhuihuatechangdexueshenghua,jiquedeyiqishebeizhuajindinggou,biaobenbuzugengshidiaodongmeiweijiaoshidejijixing,suoyoudeyewaishixidoubixudaizhucaijibiaobenderenwu。jiaoyanshihuanpaichuduoweijiaoshidaolaodedizhiyuanxiaoquxuexi、qujingbingzhengquzhiyuan,fenfuquanguogedidizhixuekechuantongdeshixidian、kuangshan、biaozhundizhipoumiandengcaijikuangchuang、yanshi、kuangwuhegushengwubiaoben。

woyu1974niangenjuxuexiaodeanpai,qudangshiquanguozhumingdesansuodizhiyuanxiaozhongdeliangsuo—changchundizhixueyuanhechengdoudizhixueyuanjinxiu。yiniandejinxiurenwuhenmingque,huixiaolijikaishegushengwuxue、dishixueliangmenkecheng,liantongshiyankeleijida120gexueshiyishang,erqieyaojiejueliangmenkedeshixibiaobenwenti。kaikemeiyouwenti,woyouchongfendexinxinwanchenghaoketangjiaoxuerenwu,tongguozijijinxiushidekekuxuexi、shoujijiaoxueziliao,bianjinxiubianbeike,wanquanyoubawojiangketangjiaoxuegaohao。dankunnandeshiruhejiejueshixibiaobenwenti,youqishigushengwuxuedeshixibiaoben,gengshinanshangjianan。yinweigegegushengwumenleideshixibiaoben,budanxuyaoyoudaibiaoxingdebiaozhunhuashi,baocunyaowanzheng,tezhengyaoqingxi,erqiemeiyizhongdouxuyaozhishaoliutao,cainengmanzufenzujiaoxuedexuyao。yaozhidao,nenggoufuhexueshengshangshiyanketiaojiandebiaobenshihenburongyipengdaode,meiyouduoniandejilei,hennankaichugaozhiliangdeshiyanke。zhongrenzaijian,shijianjinpo,wozhinengjiabeinuli。jinxiudexuexiaoduiwohenxinren,weilefangbianwosuishidaoshiyanshi、biaobenkukanbiaoben,tamenbayaochigeilewo,chushangkewai,qiyushijianwoquanbudouzaibiaobenkuli,daliangjingmeijuelun、xuxurusheng,laiziguoneiwaigegemenlei、gezhongleixingdehuashibiaoben,lingwoxinxiruokuang、dakaiyanjie。wofaxian,shiyanjiaoxuesuoxuyaodejibaizhongbiaoben,shuliangjunbijiaoduo,meiyizhongdoubuxiajishigeshenzhigengduo。yinci,wozairujisikedixuexi、guankandetongshi,anzhaowojiangyaokaikedexuyao,jiangmeiyizhonghuashixuanchu6~8gebaozhuanghaofangzhiqilai,liantongbiaoben、bopian,zongjijin2000jian。woduocixiangdishigushengwujiaoyanshidelaoshishuomingwodejinxiurenwu,yijixiwangzhiyuanwomenyixiehuashibiaobendeyuanwang,laoshimenkandaowoxuexirucikeku,douhentongqingwo,yuanyibangzhuwo,jingguotamenxiangjiaoyanshizhurenzhengqu,youjiaoyanshidabaogaojingdikanxipizhun,wuchangzengsonggeiyabowangyebanquantaojiaoxueshiyanbiaoben,zheyiweizhuwohuixiaoyihoujiukeyikaichujiaoxuedagangsuoyaoqiudegushengwuxuedesuoyoushiyan。

進修結束,我帶著豐收的喜悅回到山東礦院。加之后來又和其他老師奔赴山西、云南、貴州、遼寧等地有針對性地采集,更是對化石標本進行了充分的補充。在采集化石的過程中,我們經歷了不少困難和艱苦,但也有著很多的趣事。尤其是在長江三峽兩岸采集多門類化石的20多天,我終生難忘。那是1979年秋天,我和另一位當時已經50多歲的老師一起,住在大山深處供銷社小店的木板閣樓上,房間之間上面都是通著的,夜里像小貓一般大小的老鼠竄來竄去,嚇得我們久久不敢入睡。白天一早出發,沿著出露良好的地質剖面采集標本。我們知道三峽東部地區的古生代地質剖面發育完整,出露條件好,化石種類多、保存好,我們正是奔著這一點去的。但萬萬沒有想到,地層中的化石達到如此豐富的程度,數量之多、保存之好,簡直聞所未聞。巖層層面上布滿了大大小小的化石,低洼之處則是經雨水沖刷而聚集在一起的、一堆一堆的珊瑚類、腕足類、頭足類化石。我們猶如身處化石寶庫之中,完全忘記了疲勞,每天都是背著幾十斤重的標本,返程要走十幾里山路。有時我們需要租一艘小船,在長江中靠近岸邊劃到峭壁下邊的巖洞里,采集特殊門類的化石。要說苦,那是真夠苦的,天天出野外,而且有時還有危險,有幾次遇上大暴雨,我們正走在山梁上,電閃雷鳴,無處躲避。為防雷擊,我們把所有帶金屬的東西,如羅盤、地質錘、腰帶等統統扔到遠處,身子貼近地皮趴下。還有一次,我們在返程的小路上行走,忽然前方七八米處有一條碗口粗的大蛇在草叢中直立起身子探聽動靜,事發突然,嚇得我們魂飛魄散,走在前面的彭老師大叫一聲“我的媽呀”,跳到了兩米多高的陡崖下面;我們則嚇得大氣不敢出,足足等了半個多小時,才小心翼翼地繞道走了過去。38年過去了,那種又驚、又怕、又好笑的狼狽場面至今記憶猶新。這一次采集標本歷時一個多月,采集標本20多箱,這些標本陸陸續續補充到學生的實驗臺上。

zhexiejinjinshiwogerendeyixiejingli。qishi,wosuokandaodewomenzhegexuekeqitalaoshitongyangyeshixiangjingezhongbanfa,jiejuezhuanyejiaoxueshangdezhongzhongkunnan,youqishilvpengjulaoshitidaode“qibatiaoqiangbanzhuanye”(jian《yabowangyebanwangzhandenglugushi①》)deneiqibaweilaoshi,tamenshishandongkuangyexueyuandizhixuekededianjizhe,womenjinjinshigensuiqihoubingjianzhandoudechuangyezhe、jianshezhe。

sanshijinianhou,dizhixuekeyongyou“dizhiziyuanyudizhigongcheng”yijixuekeboshihoukeyanliudongzhan、1geboshixueweishouquanyijixueke、4geboshixueweishouquanerjixueke、2geshuoshixueweishouquanyijixueke、10geshuoshixueweishouquanerjixueke,xueshengpeiyangzhiliangshoudaoshehuidehaoping,dizhizhuanyepeiyangdexueshengchengweiyabowangyebanxiaoyouzhongdediyiweizhongguokexueyuanyuanshi……xuekezhisuoyinengquderucikuaisudefazhan,yifangmianyulaoyibeidizhixuekejiaoshidiandingdejianshijichuyouguan,lingyifangmiangengyutamenchuanchengxialaidejiankufendoudejingshenmiqiexiangguan。women、womendexuesheng、womendexueshengdexuesheng,yijiduonianlaiconggedizhiyuanxiaoyinjindeyichayouyichadeyouxiubiyesheng,dajiaxiangjuzaiyabowangyebandiqiukexueyugongchengxueyuan,rongweiyiti,gongtongfendou,jianshoubingchuanchengzhujiankufendou、nulipinbozheyibaoguidejingshencaifu。womenyouliyouxiangxin,yabowangyebanwangzhandengludemingtianhuigengmeihao,dizhixuekedemingtianhuigengmeihao。

(注:王明鎮,亞博網頁版教授,曾任亞博網頁版副校長。)(講述:王明鎮 整理:田靜 李之鵬)